Gum Tissue Regeneration
When recession of the gingiva (gum tissue) occurs, the body loses the part of the gum tissue that attaches to the tooth, implant and or bone. This gum tissue is a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, gum reconstruction using tissue regeneration techniques is needed to stop progressive inflammation and bone loss around a tooth or dental implant.
This recession can occur from a number of causes: How thick or thin the gum tissue is or how thick the bone is are the two most common causes and really not in a person’s control. Other causes include; aggressive tooth brushing, your occlusion (how your teeth hit each other), acidic diet and Too Few Teeth. For some teeth it is progressive until the tooth or implant is lost and for others it changes slowly or not at all. This is important to visualize when deciding what if anything to do about it.
When there is minor recession (minimal root exposed), some healthy gingiva remains and protects the tooth. At this stage no treatment is needed and often modifying how you clean your mouth, helps. We take the time to coach people on how to save their teeth wherever feasible. However, when recession reaches close to the mucosa (the movable tissue that is near the root tips), the first line of defense against bacterial penetration is lost.
Gum recession typically results in root sensitivity to cold and hot foods as well as an unattractive appearance of the gum and tooth where the gumline shows. Even if the gums don’t show they can be a problem. With moderate to significant, gum recession, it can progress to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer and more decay prone than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.
Gum tissue regeneration is designed to solve these problems by taking a thin, small piece of tissue from the roof of the mouth or gently moved over from adjacent areas to provide a stable band of attached gum (gingiva) around the tooth. The gingival tissue is placed at the level of the recession to thicken the tissue, making it less prone to recession. In some cases some or all of the exposed root can be covered.
The gum tissue regeneration procedure is highly predictable and results in a stable, healthy band of attached tissue around the tooth.